Nexium is a medication which functions to lower the concentration of acid in the stomach. It does this through inhibiting proton pumps in the cells responsible for secreting acid in the stomach. Due to its ability to effectively lower stomach acid concentrations it is used to treat and prevent peptic and duodenal ulcers. It is also very effective in treating gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Gastroesophageal reflux disease is commonly known as acid reflux disease or heartburn. It is the result of stomach acid coming into contact with the esophagus. Nexium is able to help treat acid reflux disease due to its ability to reduce the amount of acid in the stomach. Those who are prescribed Nexium should also be aware of some of the side effects associated with Nexium.
Common side effects of Nexium
Common side effects of Nexium typically affect the gastrointestinal system of those who take it. These side effects can include nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and decreased appetite. Other may experience constipation or a headache and dry mouth. Those that experience these side effects should discontinue their use of Nexium and ask their doctor or health care provider for an alternate form of treatment. More severe side effects can occur if there is an allergic reaction to Nexium. Also rarely Nexium will cause the darkening of the urine of those taking it or chest pains. Some users of Nexium may also develop unusual bleeding or bruising. If any of these conditions occur medical attention should be sought immediately as they may be indicative of a more serious medical condition.
Nexium long-term side effects
Long-term use of Nexium may lead to an increased chance of developing severe diarrhea. This occurs when Nexium interfers with the bodies ability to properly digest foods and process them in the intestines. Another long-term side effect that can occur is bone brittleness. This can result in a greater propensity for bones to break. For those who have already been diagnosed with osteoporosis or have a family history of developing osteoporosis Nexium should be avoided. Long-term usage of Nexium can also result in the lowering of magnesium levels in the body. This can lead to all sorts of undesirable side effects. If taking Nexium for an extended length of time it is a good idea to check with your doctor about taking magnesium in a supplement form to help prevent magnesium deficiency.
Nexium side effects in men and women
A specific Nexium side effects in men is the enlargement of their breast tissue. This side effect can be embarrassing and a hassle to deal with. It however should go away when use of the medication is stopped. Nexium side effects in women are largely related to pregnancy and nursing. There has not been any specific link made between taking Nexium and increased chance of miscarriage or birth defects. Nexium should still be avoided when pregnant as there is still some possibility of the increased risk of birth defects and miscarriage. Women should also refrain from taking Nexium while nursing as large amounts of Nexium make there way into breast milk and can adversely effect the baby.